The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is the nodal agency in the administrative structure of the Central Government for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of India's environmental and forestry policies and programmes.
The primary concerns of the Ministry are implementation of policies and programmes relating to conservation of the country's natural resources including its lakes and rivers, its biodiversity, forests and wildlife, ensuring the welfare of animals, and the prevention and abatement of pollution. While implementing these policies and programmes, the Ministry is guided by the principle of sustainable development and enhancement of human well-being.
The Ministry also serves as the nodal agency in the country for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP), International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and for the follow-up of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The Ministry is also entrusted with issues relating to multilateral bodies such as the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), Global Environment Facility (GEF) and of regional bodies like Economic and Social Council for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) and South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) on matters pertaining to the environment.
The broad objectives of the Ministry are:
· Conservation and survey of flora, fauna, forests and wildlife
· Prevention and control of pollution
· Afforestation and regeneration of degraded areas
· Protection of the environment and
· Ensuring the welfare of animals
The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is the branch of the German government in charge of climate change policies. With its Global Carbon Markets Initiative, the German Environment Ministry aims at enhancing capacities of public and private sector decision makers in priority countries to design and use new and existing carbon market and climate finance instruments for meeting NDC commitments. It focuses on one hand on large emerging economies like India. On the other hand it cooperates with lower middle income countries and has a growing portfolio of activities with Least Developed Countries (LDCs). From 2013 onwards, BMU's support for CDM activities will focus on LDCs, while in other partner countries, like India, the relevance of new market-based mechanisms will be explored. BMU is also supporting development and management of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs).
Another form of cooperation is BMU's International Climate Initiative (ICI) which supplements existing German development cooperation: The ICI supports projects on mitigation, adaptation, biodiversity and REDD+. It has been financing climate protection projects in developing and newly industrialising countries as well as in transition countries worldwide. The ICI receives funding from emissions trading and thus represents an innovative financing mechanism to support partner countries in the area of climate protection.
The World Bank Group considers climate action as being critical to achieve its twin goals of poverty elimination and shared prosperity. The 2016 Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) of the WBG laid out ambitious targets that aim to accelerate efforts to tackle climate change and help developing countries deliver on their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted for the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015. An important component of this action plan is to help enhance global ambition by advocating policies and measures that facilitate the development of carbon markets and pricing, build the capacity to design and develop those markets and mobilize capital for resilient and low-carbon growth. Developing global partnerships and capacity, ‘climatizing’ its own program portfolio, and generating and disseminating cutting knowledge are essential components of this action plan.
The services delivered by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH draw on a wealth of regional and technical expertise and tried and tested management know-how. As a federal enterprise, GIZ supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development. GIZ is also engaged in international education work around the globe.